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NEWSLETTER | MAR/APRIL 2014
 
 

Professor Anton Muscatelli, Principal of the University of Glasgow, accepts the award from Queen Elizabeth. Also shown are Professor Rowland Kao, Director of the Boyd Orr Centre, with The Duke of Edinburgh. 
The University of Glasgow was awarded the Queen’s Anniversary Prize for Higher and Further Education for the achievements of researchers at its Boyd Orr Centre for Population and Ecosystem Health. The award was presented at an honors ceremony at Buckingham Palace on February 27, 2014. Dr. Guy Palmer, representing the Paul G. Allen School for Global Animal Health, attended the Queen's Anniversary Prize dinner at Guildhall at the request of the Principal of the University of Glasgow, Professor Anton Muscatelli. The Allen School has several projects conducted in collaboration with the Boyd Orr Centre addressing the health of ecosystems that include humans, domestic animals and wildlife. Read more . . .

Global Health Issues in the News

Recent headlines and reports have focused attention on the global challenge of infectious diseases and critical need for the research and capacity building efforts underway by Allen School faculty, post-docs and students.

In February, launch of the new Global Health Security Agenda was widely reported, including by Reuters (Threat of global disease outbreaks spawns 27-nation pact) and The Washington Post (U.S. launches new global initiative to prevent infectious disease threats). Specific objectives of the new initiative are to prevent avoidable epidemics, detect threats early, and respond rapidly and effectively to biological threats. In speaking of the need for this international effort, U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Director Thomas Frieden described threats posed by drug-resistant bacteria, newly emergent infectious diseases such as Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS), and potential bioterrorism organisms.

Allen School researchers are at the forefront of efforts called for in the Global Health Security Agenda. Investigators here work to improve understanding of pathogens and their mechanisms of infection and transmission, leading to identification of potential targets for development of vaccines and other preventive strategies.

Current research includes Dr. Doug Call’s Tanzania-based project “Ecological and socio-economic factors affecting the emergence, persistence, and dissemination of antibiotic resistance,” funded by the National Science Foundation’s Evolution and Ecology of Infectious Diseases program. In addition to being one of the critical issues addressed by the new initiative, media attention, including the Frontline episode “Hunting the Nightmare Bacteria,” has raised awareness of the problem and the need for such research on the epidemiology of antimicrobial resistance and development of new strategies to prevent its spread.

Another emphasis of the new Global Health Security Agenda is improving capacity for early detection and rapid response to infectious diseases. Emergent diseases often originate in animal hosts and may spread to humans, as a new study reported in the New York Times suggests may be the case with MERS (Camels linked to spread of MERS virus in people).  Development of improved capabilities for detection and surveillance of emergent diseases is the focus of Dr. Terry McElwain’s work in East Africa. Read his report from the field . . .

 

Research News

Grants awarded:

Drs. Doug Call, Craig Frear and Jeff Ullman were awarded a one-year, $50,000 grant by the Washington State Agricultural Research Center for their project Using biochar to sequester antibiotic residues during food animal production.

Dr. Viveka Vadyvaloo is a recipient of the 2014 WSU International Research Travel Award jointly sponsored by the Office of International Programs and Office of Research. She will use the award to travel to the Institute Pasteur at the University of Lille, France, for meetings with collaborator Dr. Florent Sebbane.

Recent publications:

Aguilar-Pierlé, S., Imaz-Rosshandler, I., Rolls, P.J., Wigg, J.L., Lew-Tabor, A., Brayton, K.A. Genetic diversity of tick-borne rickettsial pathogens, insights gained from distant strains. Invited for a special issue entitled: Bacterial Pathogenomics: From Technology to Application. Pathogens. doi:10.3390/pathogens3010057. 3: 57-72. 2014.

Babauta, J.T., Atci, E., Ha, P.T., Lindemann, S.R., Ewing, T., Call, D.R., Fredrickson, J.K., Beyenal, H. Localized electron transfer rates and microelectrode-based enrichment of microbial communities within a phototrophic microbial mat. Frontiers in Microbiology, Vol. 5, Article 11. In press.

Bobrov, A.G., Kirillina, O., Vadyvaloo, V., Koestler, B.J., Hinz, A.K., Mack, D., Waters, C.M., Perry, R.D. The Yersinia pestis HmsCDE regulatory system is essential for blockage of the oriental rat flea (Xenopsylla cheopis), a classic plague vector. Environmental Microbiology. In press.

Fagen, A., Acharya, N., Kaufman, G.E. Positive Reinforcement Training for a Trunk Wash in Nepal's Working Elephants: Demonstrating Alternatives to Traditional Elephant Training Techniques. Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science, published online 10 Jan, 2014. DOI:10.1080/10888705.2014.856258.

Martinez, L. and Vadyvaloo, V. Post-transcriptional regulatory mechanisms in bacterial biofilms. Frontiers: Cellular and Infection Microbiology. In press.

Memon, M.A., Xie H., Shi, D. Booming growth of small animal practice in China. Vet Med, 105- 107, March 2014. Online version www.dvm360.com/China

Mercado-Curiel, R. F., Ávila-Ramírez M.L., Palmer, G.H., Brayton, K.A. Identification of Rhipicephalus microplus genes that contribute to the modulation of Anaplasma marginale infection. PLoS ONE. In press. 2014.

Mor, S.M., Robbins, A.H., Jarvin, L., Kaufman, G.E., Lindenmayer, J.M. Curriculum Asset Mapping for One Health Education, Journal of American Veterinary Medical Education 40(4), 2013: 363-369.

Nydam, S.D., Shah, D.H., and Call, D.R. 2014. Transcriptome analysis of Vibrio parahaemolyticus in type III secretion system 1 inducing conditions. Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology, Vol. 4, Article 1.

     

Upcoming Events

The first annual Postdoctoral Research Symposium will take place Wednesday, April 16, 9:00 – 11:30 am in the Biotech/Life Sciences Building (BLS), Room 401. Sponsored by the College of Veterinary Medicine Postdoctoral Association, the event will provide an opportunity for postdoctoral scholars to share their research in a friendly yet professional setting similar to national and international conferences, and provide exposure for postdoctoral researchers in the College of Veterinary Medicine. For more information, contact Cheryl Miller at cherylmiller@vetmed.wsu.edu 



Advances in Infectious Diseases and Microbial Immunology Seminar Series continues (12:10pm ADBF 1002):

April 1
Dan Haydon, PhD, Director of Institute/Professor of Population Ecology and Epidemiology, Institute of Biodiversity, Animal Health and Comparative Medicine), University of Glasgow
Title: “Threads in the tapestry: Assembling the evidence base for understanding disease reservoirs”
Host: Doug Call

April 15
Sandy Weller, PhD, Distinguished Professor and Chair, Department of Molecular, Microbial and Structural Biology, University of Connecticut Health Sciences Center
Topic: Herpesviral pathogenesis
Host: Anthony Nicola
 
 

Student and Fellow News

Cory Gall, a student in the lab of Dr. Kelly Brayton, successfully obtained funding from a crowdsourcing site for his project entitled “Can we find bacteria within ticks to stop diseases?” He received $3,060 for field work.

Dr. Cheryl Miller, postdoctoral associate in the lab of Dr. Jean Celli, has received a fellowship appointment to the NIH T32 Infectious Diseases and Microbial Immunology Training Program led by Dr. Guy Palmer.

The Graduate and Professional Student Association's annual Wiley Research Exposition was held on February 21, with a a record 180 students participating this year. Seth Nydam, student of Dr. Doug Call, was awarded second place for oral presentation titled “Transcriptome Analysis of Vibrio parahaemolyticus in Type III Secretion System 1 Inducing Conditions” in the Medical & Life Sciences category.George Wudiri received second place for his poster presentation entitled “Reduced entry of herpes simplex virus in cells defective in cholesterol biosynthesis.” George is in the laboratory of Dr. Anthony Nicola. 

Jennifer Santos, a MS student in Dr. Viveka Vadyvaloo’s lab, was awarded the AFW Founder’s Award, and will be honored at a reception on April 2. Jenni will complete her degree this spring.

Two students from the DVM class of 2016 were accepted to the Global Animal Health Pathway this past winter. Matt Sammons will be pursuing a project with Dr. Call entitled “Sampling the microbiome of surfaces – how much is enough?” utilizing samples from Kenya. Carolynn Fitterer will be pursuing a project with Dr. Gretchen Kaufman entitled “Evaluation of goat health and management as a component of a community health program in Indonesia”

Three College of Veterinary Medicine students have been awarded CVM Summer 2014 Research Fellowships for work with Allen School faculty members. Carson Sakamoto received funding for his project “Effect of a brucella secretory protein on secretory trafficking via the GTPASE-activating protein ACAP1” to be conducted in the lab of Dr. Jean Celli. Matt Sammons was awarded a summer fellowship for “Sampling the microbiome of surfaces – how much is enough?” with Dr. Doug Call. Claire Jackson recieved funding for a project with Dr. Margaret Davis, titled "Examination of the relationship between virulence factor genes and antibiotic resistance in canine Escherichia coli samples."

     

Faculty and Staff News

Dr. Kelly Brayton was promoted to Full Professor, effective July, 2014.

Dr. Doug Call presented a seminar on antibiotic resistance for the Pullman, WA chapter of the League of Women Voters, January 16, 2014. The presentation was titled “Antibiotic resistance: Where’s the beef?”


Dr. Jifei Yang
is a visiting scholar in the lab of Dr. Kelly Brayton. Dr. Yang is here for a year to learn bioinformatics and work on Anaplasma and Theileria

     

Global Animal Health Pathway News

Two courses have been newly approved by the Faculty Senate and added to the roster of SGAH curriculum.  These courses are listed as graduate courses and open to graduate students and veterinary students and are part of the Global Animal Health Pathway and Certificate program:

GLANHLTH/GAH 503  Animal-Human Disease Interface  (1 credit): This course focuses on understanding the role of veterinary medicine at the animal-human interface in solving global health challenges, the multidisciplinary nature of global health, and disease transmission from animal reservoirs to humans.  Offered in the Spring semester (2015)

GLANHLTH/GAH 504 -  Multi-disciplinary Approaches to Global Health Challenges (1 credit): Problem-based course involving students from multiple disciplines such as law, medicine, veterinary medicine, business, anthropology and others, focused on a specific global health challenge. Offered in the Fall (2014).

 
 
 
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